It should be possible to make the textile industry a waste-free sector because theoretically 97% of textile waste can be recycled. But in actual practice the process of textile recycling is quite complicated in terms of its availability, consistency of waste supply and the current uncertainty of ready market for recycled materials. Generally, apparel cuttings waste available with the manufacturers is new and clean and may be processed for recycling without any special treatments thereby which makes recycling quite feasible economically. The foremost step in the entire recycling process is the waste collection and it’s sorting according to color and fiber content. Continue reading Clothing Waste Recycling Trends
Despite the dramatic overall decline of the European textile industry in the last 30 years, Europe still stands on firm feet as a world leader in the technical textiles field which is growing at an amazing rate. There is a big competition in price, thanks to the globalisation. The main cost factors in textiles are labour cost, energy cost and capital cost. It is estimated that the labour cost differentiates between countries 1:40, energy cost 1:4 and capital cost also 1:4. But for Europeans the textile industry does not mean only textile production. It also means textile machinery, textile distribution and fibre. The high segment of the ring spinning machinery area is also dominated by two European machine producers – Rieter and Saurer – accounting for about 50 % of the high segment of the ring spin-, rotor- and air jet-machines. Continue reading Europe’s Firm Grip on Technical Textiles
One of the most discussed topics these days – in the World of Conferences everywhere – is focused on China. All those connected with the Textile & Clothing (T&C)industry, the world over, want to hear from the top most US and European buyers and their agents the answer to the biggest and most difficult question as to whether China has had its day.
China’s exports of T&C in 2012 were of the order of 250 billion US$ contributing 12.4% to the total Chinese exports. During January to June of 2013, China has already recorded an export of 127.23 billion US$ in the T&C sector. According the China Chamber of Commerce for Import and Export of Textile and Apparel (CCCT), China’s textile industry suffered a setback in the EU market for the last two consecutive years, 2011 and 2012 because of the gradual growth of textile and clothing export in Southeast and South Asia. China’s T&C market share in EU market decreased from 42.5% in 2010 to 41% in 2011, further declined to 39.9% in 2012. In Japan also there was a decline from 77.1% in 2010 to 74.9% and 73.2% in 2011 and 2012, respectively. However, export from ASEAN to EU and Japan has registered a gradual increase of 8.3% and 13.7% respectively. Bangladesh has been able to increase its T&C exports to EU and Japan by 9.4% and 1.2%, respectively. Continue reading Has China Had Its Day?
There has been a steep depreciation of more than 13% in the value of INR vis-a-vis USD in the past five months. In this scenario there exist two groups : one of gainers and the second one of losers. However, if we look at this from a national perspective, it will be extremely difficult to arrive at a consensus. The same is true for any industry sector as well because there are numerous categories of businesses that are linked with the INR’s value vis-a-vis USD to a widely varying degree. Apparently, exporters stand to gain whereas importers are the losers. This, however, is too simplistic a view because a number of important factors work behind the scene while running a business that have key influence on the overall performance of the business unit. The facts that the import content in the country’s textile industry is hardly 10 percent and the Chinese Yuan has appreciated by 3-4 percent, we can see yarn and garment exporters getting an advantage due to rupee depreciation. Continue reading [email protected] Vs US$ : Is Currency Depreciation Good for Boosting Exports?
Generally, it is the practice to lease durable goods and that also related to industrial or corporate use like vehicles, heavy machinery, office or factory spaces etc. However, in view of increasing cost of living and high prices of durable consumer goods, the practice of payment through installments (with or without interest) is quite established everywhere. We also occasionally hear people making statements – either out of frustration or for fun – that the days are not far off when we will have to buy our clothes also in installment. The possibility of this now seems to be real. In fact, The Netherlands based entrepreneur Burt van Son, who makes ‘Mud Jeans’ has started offering his product on lease basis. Continue reading Now, Jeans Are Available On Lease
Traditionally, the competition in the textiles/clothing sector has been among two categories of operators. The first group called ‘clothing operators’ (manufactures or retailers) who were specialists in forecasting and influencing the fashion trends. They enjoyed strong brand image and used to undertake marketing a product designed and developed long before the actual time of consumption. The second category of firms used to offer competition based on their ability to act fast by rapidly adjusting to the prevailing fashion trends created by others. They were able to supply products already known to be a market success as they specialized in ensuring ‘speed to market’. They were known for their rapidity and flexibility. Thus the key factors for success were different for these two categories of operators. Continue reading The Changing World of Apparel Sourcing
Bangladesh is in headlines these days in the global media for the reasons the country must be gravely concerned. The now famous “Savar Rana Plaza collapse” has killed more than 1100 garment workers. On April 24, the 9-storied building–Rana Plaza collapsed in Savar bus stand area of Dhaka which housed five garment factories, a branch of bank and a market. About 3000 workers are estimated to be present in the complex at the time of the collapse. The disaster has sparked angry reaction from international human rights and labour groups to poor working conditions there.
Labour cost has been a major area of focus and an important factor for deciding the location of production facilities especially in the labour intensive textile and clothing sector. It’s a common knowledge that wages, costs, efficiency, productivity, and quality etc. are very much related with each other. We have – from time to time – witnessed scenarios where high wages not necessarily result into high productivity or, far that matter, even better work ethics or product quality. Per unit labour cost for first quality goods produced can be an acceptable norm but that also is not free from issues like working conditions, technology being used and management standards being practiced. Continue reading “A Look at the Labour Cost”
The Union budget for 2013-14, presented by Finance Minister, P. Chidambaram, on 28th February 2013, has received an ‘A’ grade from the textile leaders thanks to his eye catching announcement of bringing down the Duty on Branded Garments to zero percent under the optional route from 3.5% earlier. Trade associations have termed this as a major initiative which will restore competiveness of Indian RMG exports.
The FM has extended the much popular Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme (TUFS) in the 12th Plan as per the wishes of the industry. The power loom sector has been allocated Rs. 2400 crores for 2013-14 with a major focus on it’s modernization. Continue reading Union Budget Gets ‘A’ Grade
Multinational brands and retailers such as Walmart, Gap, Sears, Disney, Target, Abercrombie & Fitch, H&M, JC Penney and others are facing very blistering criticism from social activists, labour trade unions and various NGOs for their negligence of the working conditions – including safety standards – prevailing in apparel factories where their goods are manufactured all over the globe. Most of these brands outsource their products from developing and poor countries where the labour cost is dirt cheap and the working conditions can be termed as subhuman. In spite of their big talks about corporate social responsibility and voluminous mission statements with respect to outsourcing policies and practices, there is hardly any evidence that condition of millions of poor workers in these factories is showing any signs of improvement. Continue reading Multinational brands & retailers under fire due to factory fires in Bangladesh