Category Archives: Featured Articles

“Industry 4.0” is the New Buzzword For Factories of the Future

Industry 4.0 includes cyber-physical systems, the Internet of things, cloud and cognitive computing. (Source: Wikipedia) Image Credit: Christoph Roser

“Industry 4.0” is the new buzzword becoming very fashionable, and hence, considerably over used. The credit for coining this iconic word goes to Siemens at the Hanover Messe in 2015. Industry 4.0 – also termed as the 4th generation of the industrial revolution – marks the beginning of a new era. It essentially represents the digital transformation of traditional industries like manufacturing to intelligent factories with the advancements in automation, advanced materials3D printingartificial intelligenceaugmented realitycobots (collaborative and robots). Adaptive and ergonomic production lines, intelligent robots and integrated energy systems – all parts of Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) – are increasingly making it possible for companies, in practically every industrial and manufacturing sector, to digitize their operations. This digital transformation is enabling them to become 24×7 connected intelligent factories. The computerization of traditional industries, like manufacturing, i.e. their transition to intelligent factories, is going to be the key to their survival in a couple of years from now. Continue reading “Industry 4.0” is the New Buzzword For Factories of the Future

Antimicrobial Medical Textiles

Veeresh Mudnoor ([email protected]), and
Prof. S. K. Laga ([email protected])
D.K.T.E.’s Textile & Engineering Institute, Ichalkaranji – 416115

Medical textile is an important product category within technical textiles. Technical textiles are non-commodity textiles which are predominantly used in non-apparel applications such automotive textiles, medical textiles, geotextiles, sport textiles, to name a few. Even in this tighter economy, technical textile is a fast growing one. According to recent report by US-based Industrial Fabric Association International (IFAI), the specialty fabric industry expected to grow about 2.5%. Jeff Rasmussen, IFAI’s market research manager opines that with the global GDP growth edging towards 4%, the specialty fabric industry is expected to maintain a growth rate of about 2.5%.

Most recently, a UK based Textile Media Services has estimated the global value for technical textiles to be about US$127.2 billion. More importantly, in 2010, China consumed technical textiles worth about US$29 billion. Besides, India is projected to have a double-digit growth of over 15% per annum in technical textiles sector.

A recent report by the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India has estimated the market size to about US$20 billion. The government of India is also supporting the growth of technical textiles sector in India by creating a National Technological Mission on Technical Textiles (NTMT) with a budget outlay of US$40 billion, and medical textile is an important part of this NTMT. To promote the growth of medical textiles in India, the government has established a Center of Excellence in medical textiles at the South India Textile Association located in the textile city, Coimbatore, in Southern India. Continue reading Antimicrobial Medical Textiles

Integration of OLEDs in Textiles

S. JANIETZ
Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Polymer Research, Potsdam, Germany

Conjugated organic small molecules and polymers, offer the opportunity to produce devices on large area, low-cost and plastic planar substrates.

These materials are becoming increase attention also in the field of etextiles, because they show an interesting combination of electronic and mechanical properties that can be favourably exploited in smart textiles. Continue reading Integration of OLEDs in Textiles

Continuous Multifunctional Carbon Nano-tube Yarns

YA-LI LI
Key Lab of Advanced Ceramics and Machining Technology Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China

Continuous weavable multifunctional carbon nanotube yarns are fabricated at one-step by spinning from a catalytic chemical vapor deposition reaction. The CNT yarn is formed through the direct assembling of carbon nanotubes in the gas flow as continuous integrated by mechanical winding. Kilometers of high-quality continuous yarn are spun from this process through the design of the CVD reaction with innovative spinning methods.
Continue reading Continuous Multifunctional Carbon Nano-tube Yarns

The Concept of Mood Changing Garments Made from Luminescent Woven Fabrics and Flexible Photovoltaics

G. STYLIOS, DANYING
Research Institute for Flexiblematerials (RIFleX),
Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK

A collection of high fashion clothes has been designed and made up which have a number of SMART characteristics. Electric power is provided by an array of flexible photovoltaic strips which have been carefully arranged within the design aesthetic of the garment. They are connected with conductive cloth and their energy is collected via a miniaturized electric circuit and a charged Li battery cell for storage.
Continue reading The Concept of Mood Changing Garments Made from Luminescent Woven Fabrics and Flexible Photovoltaics

Development of Piezoresistive Fibre Sensors, Based on Carbon-thermoplastic Elastomer Compounds, for Textile Application

F. CLEMENS1, B. KOLL(1), T. GRAULE(1), T. WATRAS(1), (2), M. BINKOWSKI(2)
(1)Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science & Technology, Dübendorf, Switzerland;
(2)University of Silesia, Faculty of Computer and Materials Science, Poland

The piezoresistive fibre consists of high elastic polymeric matrix and conductive particles, which are homogeneously dispersed inside the
matrix.
Continue reading Development of Piezoresistive Fibre Sensors, Based on Carbon-thermoplastic Elastomer Compounds, for Textile Application

TA Research Journey to Textile Structured Solar Cells (Part 1. Enhanced Power Conversion Efficiency of Dye-sensitized Solar Cells)

Prof. Sung Hoon Jeong
Dept. of Organic & Nano Engineering
Hanyang University, Korea

Abstract

It is already well known that there are numerous environmental and political reasons to move away from fossil fuels and towards alternative energy solutions. Solar energy has been regarded as an ideal alternative energy and has great potential for satisfying future energy demands. In this key-note lecture, it will be presented that the fundamentals of dye sensitized solar cells (DSSC) including history and background, energy harvesting cycle, principles of DSSC, and solar cell operation. The lecture then discusses the next generation technologies to improve the effic-iency of DSSC. Finally, this lecture introduces some research results performed by author with his graduate students. Dye-sensitized Solar Cells(DSSC) are a believable alternative to conventional silicon solar cells because of their ease to fabrication, low-cost compared with other photovoltaics and wide applications. Continue reading TA Research Journey to Textile Structured Solar Cells (Part 1. Enhanced Power Conversion Efficiency of Dye-sensitized Solar Cells)

2BFUNTEX: A New Coordination Action to Boost the Collaboration Between Research and Industry to Enhance Rapid Industrial Uptake of Innovative Functional Textiles

Prof. Paul Kiekens
Ghent University –
Department of Textiles
Technologiepark 907, B-9052 Zwijnaarde, Belgium

Abstract

2BFUNTEX is a European Coordination Action with the objective to bring together all innovation actors in the field of functional textile structures and textile related materials, fostering a multidisciplinary approach between universities, research institutes, industry (especially SMEs) and sector associations. The 2BFUNTEX interna-tional team aims to identify techno-logical gaps and eliminate barriers resulting in a faster industrial uptake of functional materials with new functionalities and improved performa-nce and resulting in creation of new business worldwide. Continue reading 2BFUNTEX: A New Coordination Action to Boost the Collaboration Between Research and Industry to Enhance Rapid Industrial Uptake of Innovative Functional Textiles

Multifunctional Composite Nanofibres New Frontier in Textile Materials

Prof. Frank Ko
Advanced Materials and Process Engineering Laboratory
Department of Materials Engineering
University of British Columbia

Abstract

Nanomaterials in 0-D, 1-D, and 2-D geometry such as quantum-dots, carbon nanotubes and nanoclay/graphene have been used effectively as coating and fillers for many products to achieve nanoscale effects. Examples of these nanoeffects include the stain free textiles utilizing the lotus effect and the nanoclay composite for improvement of strength and fire retardancy of automotive components. Continue reading Multifunctional Composite Nanofibres New Frontier in Textile Materials

Werable Obstacle Avoidance System Integrated with Conductive Yarns for Visually Impaired People

Prof. Vladan Koncar
University Lille North of France,
ENSAIT, GEMTEX F-59100, Roubaix, France

Abstract

The main objective of this study is to help blind or visually impaired people to navigate safely and quickly among obstacles and other hazards faced by blind pedestrians in indoor environment. Towards this objective, an innovative approach based on integration of electronic components onto textile structures was realized. By this way, a new wearable obstacle detection system, which can be worn as a garment that is flexible, lightweight and comfortable for the human body has been designed. The proposed smart clothing navigation system would become united part of visually impaired people’s. The smart clothing navigation system is an initial prototype system that combines garment with sensors, actuators, power supplies and a data processing unit. Continue reading Werable Obstacle Avoidance System Integrated with Conductive Yarns for Visually Impaired People