Category Archives: Featured Articles

The future of smart textiles according to SYSTEX

Prof. dr. ir. Lieva Van Langenhove
Ghent University

Abstract

SYSTEX is a European coordination action aiming at enhancing the breakthrough of smart textiles, policy building has been one of the activities. Through workshops, questionnaires and interviews companies and research institutions were asked for their interest, expectations and needs in the area of smart textiles. From this a policy plan was made for applications in medical and protective textiles. Continue reading The future of smart textiles according to SYSTEX

Photovoltaics go Textile: Fundamental Considerations and Materials Aspects to Realize Dye-sensitized Solar Cells on Textile Electrodes

D. SCHLETTWEIN
Justus-Liebig-University Gießen, Institute of Applied Physics, Gießen, Germany

Textile-based photovoltaics are of interest for an independent energy supply for a number of textile- integrated electronic applications, mainly in medical and outdoor applications. Preparation of semiconductor films from precursor solutions represents the most promising approach because of good compatibility of the processes to a low thermal stability of textiles and to the need of a three- dimensional coating process. Continue reading Photovoltaics go Textile: Fundamental Considerations and Materials Aspects to Realize Dye-sensitized Solar Cells on Textile Electrodes

Textile Biomedical Engineering

Prof. Yi Li
Institute of Textiles and Clothing,
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Horn, Kowloon,
Hong Kong, China

Abstract

With the increasing of aging population in the world, healthcare and biomedical functions of textiles become more and more important. To meet the increasing demand in the society, textile biomedical engineering (TBE) aims to develop a holistic and integrative approach of designing and engineering devices to meet the biomedical and healthcare needs by providing various functions such as drug delivery, tissue engineering and artificial implants, temperature and pressure therapy, bioelectric/magnetic detection and stimulation for the health and recovery of human body. TBE is experimental in nature and needs extensive multi-disciplinary collaborations among the experts in medical professionals, physiologists and designers, scientists and engineers in textile and clothing industry. Design and engineer of textiles for biomedical applications involve the integration of the fundamental research in physical, chemical, mathematical, and computational sciences with the development of engineering principles with sound understanding on the relationship between clothing and human biology, medicine, behavior and health. Fundamental concepts need to be advanced together with creating new knowledge from molecules to body-textile systems, and developing innovative materials, devices, and apparel products for healthy lifestyles with the functions of comfort, protection, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease and healthcare. Continue reading Textile Biomedical Engineering

Nanofiber – Enhanced TexTILEs for Health and Protection

Prof. dr. Marian G. McCord
Director of Global Health Initiatives
Associate Professor
Textile Engineering, Chemistry, and Science Biomedical Engineering

Abstract

Novel nanofiber-enhanced textiles have been developed through electrospinning and plasma processing. The novel bioactive nanofibers feature multiple functionalities including: i) high barrier efficiency; ii) excellent detoxifying efficiency against toxic chemicals; and iii) antimicrobial activity against gram (+) and gram (-) microorganisms. The nanofibers were deposited on textile substrates to form novel layered composite systems. The adhesion between nanofiber layer and substrate textiles can be remarkably increased by both conventional and hybrid plasma treatment. The plasma-treated nanofibers showed excellent performance and durability in a peeling test, a Gelbo Flex test and an abrasion test. The nanofiber-enhanced textiles have shown promise for use in protective clothing and wound dressings. Continue reading Nanofiber – Enhanced TexTILEs for Health and Protection

Recent Developments in Fibre Materials Research in Australia

Prof. Xungai Wang
Australian Future Fibres Research & Innovation Centre (AFFRIC)
Institute for Frontier Materials (IFM)
Deakin University, Geelong, Australia

Abstract

In this presentation, I have presented an overview of recent developments in fibre related research in Australia. This includes fabrication of fibrous materials in multiple dimensions, including zero dimension ultrafine powders, one dimension nanofibres and yarns, and three dimension fibrous structures. I will introduce the new Australian Future Fibres Research and Innovation Centre (AFFRIC) and the associated Australian Carbon Fibre Research Facility (ACFRF). Continue reading Recent Developments in Fibre Materials Research in Australia

Biomimicry in Textiles: Past, Present and Potential

T.K. GHOSH, L. EADIE
College of Textiles, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA

Prof. Tushar K. Ghosh
Prof. Tushar K. Ghosh

The natural world around us provides excellent examples of functional systems built with a handful of materials. Throughout the millennia, nature has evolved to adapt and develop highly sophisticated methods to solve problems. The solutions found in nature include superhydrophobicity, self cleaning, self repair, energy conservation, drag reduction, dry adhesion, adaptive growth, and so on. There are numerous examples of functional surfaces, fibrous structures, structural colours, self-healing, thermal insulation, etc., that offer important lessons for the textile products of the future. This paper provides a general overview of the potential of bio-inspired textile structures by highlighting a few specific examples of pertinent, inherently sustainable biological systems. Continue reading Biomimicry in Textiles: Past, Present and Potential

The 4th International Conference “Smart Materials, Structures and Systems”

The 4th International Conference “Smart Materials, Structures and Systems” was held in Montecatini  Terme, Tuscany, Italy, from June 10 to 14, 2012. The conference – that followed the ones previously held in Acireale, Sicily, Italy – was organized as a “junior” edition of the recognized CIMTEC series of international meetings which have been established as from the end of sixties. Continue reading The 4th International Conference “Smart Materials, Structures and Systems”

Knitted Three-Dimensional Structures for Technical Textiles Applications

Prof. Subhash Anand
MBE; Comp. Tl; C.Text. FTI
Professor of Technical Textiles,
Institute for Materials Research and Innovation, The University of Bolton, Bolton, UK

Abstract

Technical textiles market worldwide is forecast to grow by 4 per cent per annum between 2002 and 2010. As a result, by 2010 the technical textiles and industrial nonwovens sector will consume some 23.8 million tones of fibre – up from 16.7 million tones in 2000 and a value of US $ 90 billion – and have a value of US $ 126 billion. Knitted fabric production for technical textiles showed on overall growth of 34.5 per cent from 1995 to 2002 in Western Europe. Over the last decade knitted fabrics and products have been increasingly designed and developed for a very wide spectrum of technical applications, including automotive textiles, medical textiles, geotextiles, sportswear, safety and protective textiles and environmental protection textiles, just to name a few major growth areas of technical textiles. Warp and weft knitted spacer materials are being commercially developed for a very wide range of technical textile products, because of a number of unique design opportunities that they offer. Knitted spacer fabrics are a single
composite of at least three different substrates integrated together during the knitting process. Continue reading Knitted Three-Dimensional Structures for Technical Textiles Applications

12th AUTEX World Textile Conference : Abstracts of Papers Presented

The 12th AUTEX World Textile Conference was organized by the University of Zagreb, Faculty of Textile Technology, from 13th to 15th June 2012. The theme of the conference was “Innovative Textile For High Future Demands” and the official host was the City of Zadar. The AUTEX Conference provides an excellent opportunity to bring together European and world scientists and engineers from academy, national research institutes and companies to present and discuss the latest results in the general field of textile materials, technologies, fashion and marketing. We are presenting below the abstracts of keynote presentations : Continue reading 12th AUTEX World Textile Conference : Abstracts of Papers Presented

The PASTA project: “Integrating Platform for Advanced Smart Textile Applications”

J. DE BAETS,
imec-CMST, Gent, Belgium

PASTA is a FP7 integrated project on integration of electronics into fabrics, with partners from 5 different countries. Until now, many developments in the smart textile field have been focusing on textile technologies (conductive wiring, sensors, connectors.) in a combination with classic printed circuits with classic components.
Continue reading The PASTA project: “Integrating Platform for Advanced Smart Textile Applications”