Robotic logistics is the only way forward

Editor-NCMThere is a growing realization among supply chain professionals that no matter how hard present-day logistics’ systems work, they will never catch up with the growth of the overall economy. Thanks to an exponential increase in the no. of internet users (3 billion estimated) resulting in millions of on line transactions taking place every second, a big change is seen coming lightning fast to supply chains. The good news is that the churn of supply chains has already begun in response to this change. Researchers, retailers and consultants are nearly unanimous in their opinion that the traditional supply chains cannot keep pace with the e-commerce growth taking place in a increasingly automation-dependent world where speed and instant inventory availability are going to be the key deciding factors of success for businesses. Continue reading Robotic logistics is the only way forward

Future of Textile Industry is Vibrant (& Migrant, as well)

Editor-NCMThe ITMF Mission Statement reads: “The International Textile Manufacturers Federation (ITMF) is an international forum for the world’s textile industries, dedicated to keeping the world-wide membership constantly informed through surveys, studies and publications, participating in the evolution of the industry’s value chain and through the organization of annual conferences as well as publishing considered opinions on future trends and international developments.”

Founded in 1904, ITMF represents the broadest possible segment of the world’s textile industries. The Indian industry is represented by the Confederation of Indian Textile Industry (CITI) and the Cotton Textiles Export Promotion Council (Texprocil) plus about 12 individual corporate members. ITMF’s annual conferences provide a wealth of data on the global textile and allied industry, and also act as window to the future trends and developments. The Federation has several committees that undertake various global level studies that cover production costs, raw materials scenario and actual machinery shipment data.

This year’s ITMF Annual Conference was held in Beijing, China from October 16-18, 2014. The theme of the Conference was “Shared Opportunity – Shared Responsibility” and around 15 presentations were made in 3 General Sessions held during the event. The unique feature of this year’s conference appeared to be the space and time China got in the whole proceedings. China turned out to be at the center of all the discussions. The focus largely remained on China as to what kind of changes were likely to take place in China in the coming years and in what China was going to deal with the emerging opportunities and challenges. This should not be surprising given lion’s share of China in the world textile and clothing trade.

China joined the WTO in 2001 and with phasing out the Multi-Fibre Arrangement (MFA quota system) in 2005; the country got a great boost to enlarge its share in the global textile and clothing market. In 2013, China alone accounted for 34.8 percent of world textile exports and 38.6 percent of world clothing exports. With such a dominant position in the world trade, it is quite natural that any shift in Chinese pattern of production and/or consumption is going to have noticeable effect on other textile and clothing producing countries.

Almost all speakers made note of the rising production costs in China and the need for it to shift to higher-value added goods and services. It was also observed that, to cope up with the rising labor costs, China has already started to import finished textiles and garments from other countries, such as Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Already, countries such as Viet Nam, India, Turkey, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Morocco, have seen orders, slowly and partly, being diverted to them from China.

ITMF’s detailed analysis acknowledges China’s important role in the global fibre, textile, textile chemical and textile machinery industries. The study notes that, labor cost being a very small percentage of the total cost, China will be able to absorb rising labour costs for quite some time. But the pace of fresh investment will be slower than what it has been in the last 10 years. ITMF also feels that there are good reasons for investing outside China noting that many Chinese companies have also made such investments. This shift is likely to intensify in the coming years with implementation of WTO’s Trade Facilitation Agreement and also the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) for textile export and import.

With all these developments taking place, we can certainly expect a vibrant (and migrant, as well) global textile and clothing industry in the near future.

G.D. JASUJA
Managing Editor

Functional Finishes for Textiles, 1st Edition : New Book Release

Functional Finishes BookImproving Comfort, Performance and Protection

Editor : Dr. Roshan Paul
Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles
Print Book ISBN: 9780857098399
eBook ISBN: 9780857098450
Pages: 678
Release Date : 10 October 2014
Price : Print or eBook : USD 238.00 (USD 280.00)

This book provides a comprehensive review of the most important fabric finishes in the textile industry. Continue reading Functional Finishes for Textiles, 1st Edition : New Book Release

Abused Workers Make ‘Flawed Fabrics’  : Garment Makers of South India Under Global Watch

Editor-NCMThere is disturbing news for textile manufacturers of the country that must put them on a high alert, especially if they are engaged in export related production activity and not following the global practices with regard to well-being of their labourforce.

The Netherlands based Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO) – in association with India Committee of the Netherlands (ICN) – has come out with its latest investigative report on the Tamil Nadu textile and garment industry. The research was conducted to find out the current status of compliance of labour-related global standards by leading export oriented manufacturing units. Continue reading Abused Workers Make ‘Flawed Fabrics’  : Garment Makers of South India Under Global Watch

Wages & Working Hours in the Textiles & Clothing Sector

Editor-NCMThe International Labour Organization (ILO) is holding a Forum of all the stake holders (workers, employers & representatives of government, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations) from 23-25 Sept. 2014 to evolve future policy with regard to wages and working hours in the textiles, clothing, leather and footwear industries.

According to UNIDO, global average wages in the clothing industry are 35% lower and in the textiles industry are 24% lower than the manufacturing industry average wage. In some production countries the minimum wage remains below the national subsistence minimum. The ILO notes that the industry is distinctly divided into high-end and low-end (or “value”) production and brands. Factories involved in high-end production generally use better technology and more skilled workers. These factories have greater degree of multi-stakeholder initiative engagement resulting in better working conditions. But factories engaged in low-end or low-value production are considerably focused on cost cutting measures and mostly have poor working conditions. Many national economies rely on the clothing industry: 88% of total exports from Haiti, 79% from Bangladesh, 58% from Lesotho, 52% from Cambodia, 43% from Sri Lanka, 38% from Honduras, 36% from El Salvador, 31% from Mauritius, 20% from Madagascar, 18% from Tunisia, 17% from Pakistan, 15% from Morocco, 13% from Jordan, 12% from Viet Nam and 10% from Turkey are linked to the clothing industry. A glance at the world’s clothing retail reveals that North America represents 25%, Western Europe 27%, Eastern Europe and Turkey 10%, Japan and the Republic of Korea 13%. The rest of the world represents 25% of the total clothing retail. Another point worth noting is that while trade has grown, clothing prices have dipped by 30 to 40%.

Continue reading Wages & Working Hours in the Textiles & Clothing Sector

The Cotton Textiles Export Promotion Council (Texprocil) – Submits Memorandum for Foriegn Policy to Modi Govt.

The Cotton Textiles Export Promotion Council (Texprocil) – has recommended some initiatives to the Modi Government to increase India’s footprint in the global market to get the benefit of increased employment opportunities for the rural masses particularly the underprivileged and unskilled labour in the agriculture sector.

Texprocil has a membership of around 3,500 companies spread across major textile clusters in India. Its members are well established manufacturers and exporters of cotton textile products like Cotton, Yarns, Fabrics and Home Textiles, showcasing a dazzling array of products across the value chain. Continue reading The Cotton Textiles Export Promotion Council (Texprocil) – Submits Memorandum for Foriegn Policy to Modi Govt.

Govt. Committed to Safeguarding Interests of Muga Silk Farmers of Assam

Production of Muga Silk in Assam as well as in country during the last five years period is given below, which indicates Muga silk production, has shown an increasing trend and hence, it is not on the verge of extinction.

The following statement indicates State-wise muga Silk production in the country during the last five years (2009-10 to 2013-14). It could be seen from the statement that the Assam produces substantial quantity of Muga Silk, when compared to other muga silk producing States. Continue reading Govt. Committed to Safeguarding Interests of Muga Silk Farmers of Assam

MoT Announces Rejuvenation of Silk Industry of Bhagalpur

The Bhagalpur of Bihar is famous worldwide for its distinctive type of tasar silk and coarse varieties of silk fabrics. But the silk handloom weavers of Bhagalpur are facing stiff competition from power loom and mill sector due to high input cost, low productivity and availability of cheaper imported silk fabric etc. sluggish export market and capturing of export market by other major silk producing countries like china in the recent past has also affected Bhagalpur silk industry. Continue reading MoT Announces Rejuvenation of Silk Industry of Bhagalpur

The Australian Wool Exchange (AWEX) Code of Practice to Address Contamination

The Australian Wool Exchange (AWEX) Code of Practice for the preparation of Australian Wool Clips describes the recommended practices and standards. The code aims to :

  • Prepare uniform, consistent, reliable, predictable, low risk lines of wool suitable for the diverse needs of wool processing and so maximise competition from buyers for the wool;
  • Present a product free of contamination that is correctly documented, described and packaged.

Continue reading The Australian Wool Exchange (AWEX) Code of Practice to Address Contamination