Denim Manufacturing Dominated by Asian countries of China, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Turkey
Denim is a sturdy cotton warp-faced textile in which the weft passes under two or more warp threads. This twill weaving produces a diagonal ribbing that distinguishes it from cotton duck. While a denim predecessor known as dungaree has been produced in India for hundreds of years. The term “denim” comes from the French phrase, “serge de Nimes”, meaning a resistant and practical fabric called serge from Nimes
However, today, the world’s textile industry has undergone a huge transfer.Over 50% of denim is produced in Asia, most of it in China, India, Turkey, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. The most iconic denim brands across Europe, US, and Asia are made from denim supplied by these countries.
Every year, around 15 billion metres of denim fabrics are produced globally, to go into around 10 billion garments, with the key manufacturing countries being China, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Mexico and Brazil. Some 66,000 tons of indigo powder have been needed for this production, but until recently hazardous chemicals have been required to make it water soluble, and after dyeing, tons of wastewater containing these chemicals have been discharged into the environment, often without treatment. The denim dyeing process has been one of the major pollution problems within the textile industry as the demand for denim continues to grow – each of us already owning four or more denim fashion items.
Asia leading the denim production
While the US was the largest producer of denim few decades ago, Asian countries have now edged it aside. The key success factors for the denim industry growth in the five Asian countries of China, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Turkey are different, but equally important. While cotton availability has propelled the Chinese and Indian industry, proximity has played a major role in the success of Turkey. In the meanwhile, preferential market access has been the biggest factor for the growth of Bangladesh along with huge investments in large infrastructure. Significantly, though Italy still controls the design segment, but being too expensive, Turkey has emerged as one of the influential producers of denim fabrics due to its innovation and R&D on finishes and washes.
Denim: Global Scenario
The Global Denim Fabric Market Size was estimated at USD 22720 million in 2021 and is projected to reach USD 28090 million by 2028, exhibiting a CAGR of 3.60% during the forecast period. The phenomenal growth of the market for denim is attributed to the fact that denim jeans have become a necessity and wardrobe staple as it offers comfort and a longer life span compared to other types of apparel. Jeans can be worn on different kinds of social and even official occasions. Over the years, denim has revealed its capability to overcome age and gender barriers. In the US, denim is the most extensively produced and used apparel. The growth of denim category is further fuelled by the growth in premium denim market.
In the selection of fabric for different market segments, handle, finish and price are the major differentiating factors. Of course, innovation always fetches a higher premium and demand, and all denim fabric manufacturers are making effort to innovate. While the low-end (basic) fabric segment is 100% about construction with open-end yarn from 4-8 ounce, the mid quality range depends on content of fabric construction of 20s, 30s, 50s counts with basic finishes and the high-end fabric is distinguished by complex constructions with use of additional specialized yarns like tencel, model, lycra, etc. and having specialized finishes and coating-line. The premium segment is innovation all the way, with unique designer inputs and available in small niche quantities.
On a global level Turkey is known for its premium products, Bangladesh and Pakistan are positioned for their value products and India is positioned in mid to premium segment. China has traditionally been known for large volumes of basic fabric. List of Top Denim Mills Worldwide is given below.
List of 57 Leading Denim Manufacturers
|wdt_ID||Company||Contact details||About||Final Products||Export Markets||Website|
|1||Advance Denim||No.3 xinyoudong road, ronggui ht industrial development zone, Shunde District, Foshan City 528306 Foshan City CHINA||We strive to become the best denim mill in the world. We are passionate about helping business through innovative products and Technologies.||Athleisure, Casual, Childrenswear, Menswear, Womenswear, Workwear||Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, South America||http://www.advancedenim.com/|
|2||Akkus Textile||Cihangir mah.sehit piyade er yavuz bahar sok. no:19 34310 Istanbul TURKEY||Childrenswear, Menswear, Womenswear||Not specified|
|3||Azgard-9||Ismail aiwan-i-science, off shahra-i-roomi lahore 54600 Lahore PAKISTAN||The Company is a composite spinning, weaving, dyeing and stitching unit engaged in the manufacturing and sale of yarn, denim and denim products.||Childrenswear, Menswear, Womenswear||Not specified||https://www.azgard9.com/|
|4||Blue Jeans Lavanderie||Via e mattei, 6/8 30014 Cavarzere ITALY||Blue Jeans Lavanderie Industriali is an industrial laundry and dyeing company focused on responsible and sustanable development. The company guarantees an efficient and quick service to its customers due to a production made entirely in Italy. Mixing up innovative technology with expertise, Blue Jeans attains a high product quality with its characteristic touch, following targets of Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals program. Thanks to its dimensions, it has the capacity to switch from small to big quantities, without minimum orders.||Childrenswear, Menswear, Sweaters, knits, Womenswear, Workwear||Asia, Europe|
|5||Bossa||Hacı Sabancı Organize Sanayi Bölgesi Acıdere OSB Mah. Celal Bayar Bul. No:3 01350 adana TURKEY||With 70 years in business, we continue to maintain our leadership position in the industry with our high quality, innovative, differentiated product range, customer-oriented products and services tailored to our clients’ specific needs, fast delivery, widespread market network structure, effective price policies, and high customer satisfaction. Established in 1951, Bossa is one of the largest integrated textile corporations of Turkey with its facilitie in Adana. We offer a wide range of high quality denim fabrics, with a high production capacity in dyeing and finishing. Our ISO 9001 Quality Management System maintains total quality practices and enables us to effectively handle a competitive market resulting from globalization, changing consumption patterns and consumer behavior. “Total Quality Management and Business Excellence” is an inherent part of the corporate culture, apart from being a philosophy that is applied to each process and product. One of the core strengths of our company is the powerful and long-lasting relationship established with prominent brands and designers globally. With 68 years of experience in Textile and know-how, we are proud to present novelty, trends and outstanding products to all our customers. Young and dynamic team players, globally wide spread and efficient sales network, product quality, collection diversity, advanced production and information system technologies and sound financial structure are the building blocks of our proven track record. With investments of USD 200 million in the last 15 years and TURQUALITY® Certificate obtained in December 2006, we continue to be a strong global player in Textile. Since 1995, Bossa' s shares are listed on Borsa Istanbul.||Menswear, Womenswear||Not specified||https://www.bossa.com/|